Types of Assessments
Multiple-choice items require students to select a single correct answer
from a list of responses. Multiple-choice items are prized for their objectivity
and uniformity in scoring and ease of administration.
Performance Tasks and Rubrics
Performance tasks require students to generate their own responses to
questions, typically focusing on the process of problem solving rather
than on answers or solutions. These types of questions furnish a multidimensional
picture of a student's critical thinking, problem solving, and communication
skills. A thorough understanding of authentic assessment principles and
a strong subject-area expertise is required in order to develop the task
and scoring rubrics that will assist teachers in evaluating student performance.
Performance tasks may include written or oral responses, presentations,
demonstrations, investigations, journals, and portfolios.
Constructed-response items are a type of performance task in which students
are given the opportunity to provide a brief written response to a question.
These types of questions are often paired with multiple-choice questions
to obtain varied information about a student's knowledge and skills.
Our staff has a wealth of experience in the creation of test preparation
materials for state and national tests, including effective strategies
for test preparation and test practice materials. These materials prepare
students to perform their best on exams by building confidence, familiarizing
them with test formats, and teaching test-taking skills.
The most effective test preparation and test practice materials emphasize
diagnostic pretests and posttests. Teachers can use the results of practice
tests to provide students with extra test preparation and instruction
in specific content areas. Test practice materials can be effectively
turned into study guides by adding an instructional component and lessons
that teachers can use to provide extra enrichment.
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